Winter 2019 Class Schedule
|102-6||Global Warming: Scientific Evidence (First Year Seminar)||Beddows||T TH / 11:00 - 12:20 PM|
102-6 Global Warming: Scientific Evidence (First Year Seminar)
Global warming represents a massive global experiment with unknown consequences. In this course we will discuss the scientific evidence for modern-day global warming including melting ice sheets, long-term temperature records from ice cores and extreme weather events such as hurricanes. Current trends and the role of human activities will be examined in the context of the geologic record of natural climate variability and the feedbacks inherent in the climate system. Anticipated future impacts include droughts, floods, sea level rise, spread of infectious diseases, drinking water shortages, habitat loss, and extinctions. Given these forecasts, strategies for managing the effects of global warming will be assessed. This writing seminar specifically aims to develop effective scientific writing and visual communication for the natural and physical sciences.
|202||Earth's Interior||Barklage||MWF / 10:00 - 10:50 AM||M 11:00 - 1:00 PM or M 2:00 PM - 4:00 PM|
202 Earth's Interior
Size, mass, & density of the earth, seismic waves; earth structure from seismology; minerals and rocks; composition of mantle and core; heat and temperature in the earth, radiometric age dating; origin of the elements, formation of the solar system; meteorites, formation of the planets; continents and oceans, paleomagnetism, continental drift; earthquake focal mechanisms, plate boundaries and kinematics, mechanics of plate tectonics. Prerequisites: MATH 224, PHYSICS 135-1, and CHEM 110 (formerly CHEM 101); or consent of instructor.
|204||Communication for Geoscientists||Osburn||T TH / 2:00 - 3:20 PM|
204 Communication for Geoscientists
This course will help undergraduate Earth Sciences majors hone their communication skills, and learn some specific communication styles applicable to our field. Science writing and scientific literature can be intimidating and obtuse. This course is designed to break manuscripts down into their base components, detailing the goal, style, and content required for each section. In addition we will cover verbal and visual forms of communication such as posters and talks. Writing is learned through practice, so this course will be hands on with weekly assignments, peer review, and required classroom engagement. Prerequisites: Restricted to declared or potential earth majors and minors (or with instructor permission).
|300||Earth and Planetary Materials||Jacobsen||M W / 3:30 - 4:50 PM||W 9:00 - 10:50 AM or W 12:00 - 1:50 PM|
300 Earth and Planetary Materials
The Earth and planets are composed of minerals, rocks, melts, and fluids. The study of Earth materials is fundamental to Earth and environmental sciences and deals with formation, stability, environments, and properties of materials that control large-scale processes from weathering to earthquakes. The physical properties of Earth materials are largely controlled by bonding and crystal structure. This course begins with an atomistic approach to understanding mineral properties, but also extends physical properties and mineral stability to the larger geological and planetary scales. The properties of minerals also dictate how we use them for societal applications, ranging from raw materials to chemical filters and energy sources and storage materials. Mineralogy is the application of physics, chemistry, and biology to natural materials, and this course emphasizes the interdisciplinary nature of mineralogy. Students will gain skills in learning to identify the major rock-forming minerals in hand-specimen and in the optical microscope. Students will apply analytical techniques including X-ray diffraction and optical spectroscopy to quantitative analysis of minerals. Recommended Background: EARTH 201, CHEM103, MATH 220, and PHYSICS 135-1, or equivalent, or with consent of instructor.
|314||Organic Geochemistry||Blair||T TH / 9:30 -10:50 AM|
314 Organic Geochemistry
The origin, modification and preservation of organic matter in the sedimentary record; how it relates to global carbon cycle and climate in the geologic past; implications for future greenhouse warming. Prerequisite: one quarter of earth or environmental sciences and one quarter of chemistry; or consent of instructor.
|327||Geophysical Time Series Analysis||Stein||T TH / 12:30 - 1:50 PM|
327 Geophysical Time Series Analysis
Introduction to analysis techniques applied to seismic and other geophysical data. Sampling, windowing, discrete and fast Fourier transforms, deconvolution, filtering, and inverse methods. Prerequisites: EARTH 202 and MATH 250; or consent of instructor.
|340||Physics of Weather and Climate||Horton||T TH / 12:30 - 1:50 PM|
340 Physics of Weather and Climate
An investigation of atmospheric processes and the physical laws that govern them. Topics covered include atmospheric composition and structure, radiative transfer, thermodynamics, convection, precipitation, and the general circulation of the three-dimensional atmosphere. When possible, course content will engage with contemporaneous atmospheric conditions and provide students with a better understanding of their meteorological and climatic environments. Completion of introductory calculus and physics are required prior to enrollment. Prerequisites: EARTH 201, ENVR SCI 201, or CIV ENV 201, PHYSICS 135 or 136, and MATH 220 and 224 or equivalent
|353||Mathematical Inverse Methods in Earth and Environmental Sciences||van der Lee||T TH / 11:00 - 12:20 PM|
353 Mathematical Inverse Methods in Earth and Environmental Sciences
Data-driven modeling via solving inverse problems and estimating model parameters. Application of linear algebra to the modeling of physical data. Students learn to model large amounts of imperfect data using linear algebra, optimization and regularization techniques, and common physical sense. Via lab exercises and homework, the course emphasizes application over theory. Exercises include but are not restricted to 1) locating events or objects from line-of-sight signal travel times, 2) de-blurring an image, 3) characterizing the subsurface from surface measurements of wave dispersion, 4) locating engineering structures from anomalous gravity data, and 5) tomography: non-destructive characterization of internal structure of materials, human bodies, or the Earth. We will emphasize linear, discrete, ill-posed inverse problems, but will also review time series analysis, including Fourier Transforms and matched filtering, and touch on the principles of solving non-linear inverse problems via directed and random searches in model space. Prerequisites: MATH 230, STAT 232, or equivalent; MATH 240 or STAT 320-1, 2 recommended. [Previously offered as EARTH 329]
|360||Instrumentation and Field Methods||Beddows||MWF / 11:00 - 11:50 AM||W 2:00 - 4:50 PM|
360 Instrumentation and Field Methods
Theory and practicum on electronic instrumentation for monitoring and measurement in earth sciences, including data loggers, hands-on design and construction of electronic sensors, signal processing, data management, and network design. Prerequisites: Majors/minors in EARTH or ENVR SCI, or completion of three 300-level EARTH or any other 300 level science courses, or consent of the instructor.
|381||Planet Formation and Evolution||S. Jacobson||T TH / 3:30 - 4:50 PM|
381 Planet Formation and Evolution
Survey of planet formation processes including growth from the first solids to the giant planets as well as the internal evolution of planetary bodies. Recommended Background: Completion of introductory Earth science, physics, and calculus courses.
|451||Advanced Topics in Paleoclimate||Axford||M / 2:00 - 4:50 PM|
451 Advanced Topics in Paleoclimate
Methodology in paleoclimate: stable isotopes, paleoecological and other methods for reconstructing the past climate. Fundamental principles of climate change on the time scale of thousands to millions of years. Climate reconstructions from the Cretaceous to the present.